Team Clark Howard: Freelancers are self-employed individuals, They generally decide when and how to complete their work. While many freelancers do contract work for other companies or businesses, they’re still considered to be independent contractors as opposed to employees.
According to the IRS, the general rule is that an individual is considered self-employed if the payer has the right to control or direct only the result of the work and not what will be done and how it will be done.
Basically, freelancers are expected to complete a task or create a product, but how it is completed/created it is up to them. This is the case for self-employed business owners who work for themselves as well as independent contractors who complete work for another company. Of course, being a freelancer doesn’t have to be your only job or even your primary job. In fact, many people choose to freelance part-time as a way to earn supplemental income.
Typically, freelancers don’t receive benefits such as employer-provided health insurance or vacation days. A freelancer’s earnings are also subject to self-employment tax since an employer isn’t withholding taxes on the worker’s behalf.
If you aren’t sure whether you’re considered a freelancer or an employee, visit this website to find out.
How to Earn Money as a Freelancer
As a freelancer, you’re able to decide when and how you earn money. You can choose to freelance for a company as an independent contractor or set your rates in exchange for a product or service. Whichever route you take, there are virtually unlimited opportunities to earn money as a freelancer.
If you haven’t already started freelancing (or if you’re looking for more opportunities), consider working for a company that frequently hires independent contractors. Depending on where you live and your vehicle, you could work as a driver, food deliverer or personal shopper. If you’d rather work from home, there are tons of opportunities for online freelance work as well.
Here are a few popular options for freelancers:
- Driver services: Uber, Lyft
- Food delivery services: DoorDash, UberEats, Postmates, GrubHub
- Personal shopper services: Shipt, Instacart
- Online freelance opportunities: MTurk, Rev
No matter which company (or companies) you decide to work for, you can generally expect that you won’t be able to set your own rates, but you will be able to set your own schedule. With these types of freelance jobs, you can expect a weekly paycheck based on the work you’ve completed.
Alternatively, you may decide to set your own rates in exchange for a particular service or skill. You can offer general services like cleaning or moving, or you can offer any services you specialize in such as photography, writing or IT support. If you’re freelancing in this capacity or working toward building your own small business, consider advertising online to increase your clientele.
How to Pay Taxes as a Freelancer
Taxes are one major drawback of being a freelancer since you won’t have an employer withholding them for you. Instead, you’ll have to pay your own income tax in addition to a self-employment tax.
As a freelancer, you’ll need to make estimated quarterly payments throughout the year in addition to filing your annual tax return.
Estimated Tax Payments
To cover your income taxes as a freelancer, you should plan to set aside around 30% of your earnings each time you get paid. At the end of each quarter, send what you’ve withheld to the IRS as an estimated payment. Those payments are due on the following dates:
- April 15
- June 15
- September 15
- January 15
You can use Form 1040-ES, Estimated Tax for Individuals to figure out the specific amount that you should send in for quarterly payments. This form also contains additional documents that you should fill out and keep for your records regarding your quarterly earnings, estimated tax payments and deductions. These will be useful when you’re filling out your annual tax return.
Annual Tax Return
When you file your annual tax return, you will need to report your self-employed earnings. These earnings will be subject to a self-employment tax of 15.3% to cover Social Security (12.4%) and Medicare (2.9%) taxes.
If you worked as a freelancer for a company such as DoorDash or Uber and earned more than $600 at each, you should receive a 1099-MISC form from each company at the end of the year. Of course, you will be expected to report all of your earnings on your annual return and pay the appropriate taxes whether or not you made over $600 from a company or receive a 1099-MISC form.
As a freelancer, you are able to deduct business expenses.
According to the IRS, “To be deductible, a business expense must be both ordinary and necessary. An ordinary expense is one that is common and accepted in your trade or business. A necessary expense is one that is helpful and appropriate for your trade or business.”
There are two major types of deductions you may be eligible for as a freelancer: Business use of your home and business use of your car. If you work in a home office or use your car working as a driver/personal shopper, you might be eligible for these deductions.
You may also be eligible for additional deductions including business travel expenses, retirement savings and health insurance fees among others. This is especially true if you work more than part-time as a freelancer. For a full list of eligible deductions, see Publication 535 on the IRS website.
For more information on how to file taxes as a freelancer, visit the IRS Self-Employed Individuals Tax Center online.
Additional Tips to Maximize Your Earnings
Freelancing can seem overwhelming at first, but it can also be a great way to make extra money. If you’re just starting out as a freelancer or looking for ways to maximize your part-time income, follow these tips:
- Be consistent with your schedule. While flexibility is one of the biggest advantages of freelancing, it’s important to stick to a relatively consistent schedule. This is a great way to make sure you’re earning what you want to earn while staying motivated over time. Plus, if you’re freelancing for a company like DoorDash, Shipt or Rev, you’ll most likely find that assignments and jobs are more available at peak times throughout the day/week. Scheduling yourself to work during these times is a great way to earn more.
- Find work that you enjoy. Not only does freelancing offer a flexible schedule, but it also offers a large variety of different jobs. Take the time to try out a few different freelancing opportunities and find one (or a few) that you love. If you like what you’re doing, you’re much more likely to do it well and stick with it over time.
- Withhold taxes with every paycheck. Don’t forget to plan for your estimated quarterly taxes throughout the year. The best way to prepare for these payments is by withholding a percentage of your income each time you’re paid. Put this money into a separate account and add the payment due dates to your calendar. If you don’t make these payments, you’ll have to pay an additional late fee at the end of the year when you file your annual tax return.
- Keep records of everything. Be sure to track your business expenses so that you can take full advantage of deductions at the end of the year. You should also keep a personal record of what you’ve been paid and when you’ve sent in your tax payments. Filling out Form 1040-ES is the best way to make sure you’re keeping track of everything in preparation for tax season.
Ultimately, freelancing is a great way to earn extra cash. You’ll just have to keep in mind that any earnings you make as a freelancer will be subject to self-employment tax. Plus, you’ll have to withhold your own income tax.
If you’re looking for ways to earn more money, consider signing up as an independent contractor with a company like DoorDash, Uber, Shipt or Rev. You can also search for freelance jobs online to find a variety of opportunities.
As a freelancer, you’ll love being able to set your own schedule and complete tasks in your own way. Whether you’re working for a company as an independent contractor or offering your services on the open market, the flexibility is hard to beat. It’s one of the reasons that freelancing is such a great way to earn extra money. Still, it’s essential that you stay consistent and keep your finances organized so that you can maximize your earnings and make your estimated tax payments on time.